To Know – To Act – To Understand
To Know – To Act – To Understand

2021-06-18 UN GA Resolution on Myanmar – “We cannot live in a world where military coups become a norm,” UN SG.

The United Nations General Assembly has adopted a resolution that calls for blocking the flow of arms into Myanmar, among other steps to resolve the crisis following the Feb. 1 situation.

The resolution, proposed by Liechtenstein and hardly negotiated calls for the return of democracy, the release of civilian leaders and the opening of the country to humanitarian aid.

If the promoters of the text dreamed of a unanimous vote, they had to be satisfied with a simple majority: 119 countries voted for (Myanmar also) , one country – Belarus – voted against, and 34 abstained, among which Bangladesh, Iran, China and Russia.

On the L document , do not figure but joined the sponsorship: Angola, Australia, Japan, Mexico and New Zealand.

Liechtenstein’s Point of Order before the vote requested the name of the State calling for a vote: Belarus.

Link to UN Webcast services: Check out General Assembly: 1) 83rd plenary meeting. 2) Briefing by the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General on Myanmar:

http://webtv.un.org/meetings-events/general-assembly/watch/general-assembly-1-83rd-plenary-meeting.-2-briefing-by-the-special-envoy-of-the-secretary-general-on-myanmar/6259370956001/?term=

quote:

Reaffirming its support for the people of Myanmar and its strong commitment to the sovereignty, political independence, territorial integrity and unity of Myanmar,

  • Calls upon the Myanmar armed forces to respect the will of the people as freely expressed by the results of the general election of 8 November 2020, to end the state of emergency, to respect all human rights of all the people of Myanmar and to allow the sustained democratic transition of Myanmar, including the opening of the democratically elected parliament and by working towards bringing all national institutions, including the armed forces, under a fully inclusive civilian Government that is representative of the will of the people;
  • Also calls upon the Myanmar armed forces to immediately and unconditionally release President Win Myint, State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi and other government officials and politicians and all those who have been arbitrarily
    detained, charged or arrested, including to ensure their rightful access to justice, and to engage and support the Association of Southeast Asian Nations constructively with a view to realizing an inclusive and peaceful dialogue among all stakeholders through a political process led and owned by the people of Myanmar to restore democratic governance;
  • Calls upon Myanmar to swiftly implement the five-point consensus reached at the Leaders’ Meeting of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations held on 24 April 2021 to facilitate a peaceful solution in the interest of the people of
    Myanmar and their livelihoods, and to that end calls upon all stakeholders in Myanmar to cooperate with the Association and the Special Envoy of the Chair of the Association, and expresses its support for these efforts;
  • Calls upon the Myanmar armed forces to immediately stop all violence against peaceful demonstrators, as well as members of civil society, women, youth and children, and others, and to end restrictions on medical personnel, civil society, labour union members, journalists and media workers and restrictions on the Internet and social media;
  • Also calls upon the Myanmar armed forces to fully cooperate with and immediately facilitate a visit by the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General on Myanmar without delay, encourages complementarity of her work with the work of
    the Association of Southeast Asian Nations Special Envoy, and in this regard calls for ensuring unhindered access to and communication with the United Nations and other human rights entities and mechanisms without fear of reprisals, intimidation or attack;
  • Calls for safe and unimpeded humanitarian access to all people in need, including to people in detention, allowing for unimpeded humanitarian assistance, including from the United Nations, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations
    Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on Disaster Management and other organizations, and calls for respect for the safety of medical facilities and staff;
  • Recalls, in line with the Secretary-General’s call for a global ceasefire as supported by the Security Council in its resolution 2532 (2020) of 1 July 2020, the need to de-escalate violence, and in that regard calls upon all Member States to prevent the flow of arms into Myanmar;
  • Calls upon Myanmar to continue engaging with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations in seeking a sustainable peaceful resolution to the current political crisis, taking into account the important role of the Association in continuing to assist Myanmar in its transition to democracy;
  • Decides to remain seized of the matter, inter alia, on the basis of reports of the Secretary-General, the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar and the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General on Myanmar, and as
    warranted by the situation on the ground.

unquote.